Knee Arthritis Treatment

Many knee arthritic conditions can be treated through conservative methods, but some may require surgery to effectively relieve pain and restore function to the joint. Your doctor will decide which type of treatment is best for you after a thorough evaluation of your condition.

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Knee Arthritis Treatment in Wayne, Englewood, and Paramus, New Jersey

If you’re experiencing joint pain that’s preventing you from fulfilling your personal and professional commitments and enjoying your favorite activities, knee arthritis treatment may be the answer. At High Mountain Orthopedics, we’ve dedicated our practice to helping people just like you get back on their feet.

What Is Knee Arthritis?

Arthritis is one of the leading causes of knee pain, but there are several types of arthritis that could be at fault.

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the knee. It is a degenerative, “wear-and-tear” type of arthritis that occurs most often in people 50 years of age and older, but may occur in younger people, too. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the knee joint gradually wears away.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is linked to autoimmune dysfunction and occurs when the body attacks itself. RA can affect any joint, including the knee.

Both OA and RA cause inflammation that can lead to serious debilitation. You may experience arthritis in one or both knees, and in some cases your knee pain could follow arthritis already discovered in other joints.

Symptoms, Causes And Risk Factors

The symptoms of knee arthritis differ depending on the type of arthritis and how far along the condition has progressed, but patients most often report any or all of the following:

  • Knee joints that are increasingly stiff and/or swollen
  • Impaired mobility, including difficulty bending and straightening the affected knee
  • Pain and swelling that’s aggravated after sitting or resting and may be at its worst in the morning
  • Flare-ups following intensive activity such as exercise
  • Weakness in the knee that may cause buckling or other loss of support
  • Spikes in pain that seem to correspond to bouts of rainy weather
  • Physical deformity of the knee, such as bowlegs or knock-knees

Sometimes developing knee arthritis is just the luck of the draw, but certain lifestyle choices, past injuries and genetic contributions could make you more likely to get arthritis at some point in your life:

  • Previous knee injuries, particularly those affecting the stability of the joint
  • Being overweight
  • Being female
  • Age — the natural and inevitable wear and tear that comes with time can damage your joints
  • A familial history of arthritis
  • Loss of cartilage
  • Another joint condition that could contribute to joint degeneration
  • Repeated, long-term knee strain that comes with prolonged kneeling, squatting and bending, such as a baseball catcher, construction worker or PE teacher

Knee Arthritis Treatment

Treatment starts with a diagnosis. The moment you notice symptoms of arthritis, it’s essential you seek the advice of a qualified physician. Your doctor will conduct a thorough examination and take a detailed history before ordering tests commonly used to diagnose arthritis and other common knee conditions. X-rays are often the starting point for these imaging tests, but magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides far more detail, especially if your doctor wants to rule out problems unrelated to arthritis.

If your doctor suspects you may have a form of inflammatory arthritis, they’ll order lab tests to check your blood and examine fluid taken directly from the knee joint. That fluid could indicate a number of abnormalities including infection.

As for treatment, options range from noninvasive approaches such as stretching, anti-inflammatories, weight loss, heat and cold therapy and physical therapy to medical interventions such as corticosteroid injections and surgery. If your doctor recommends surgery, they’ll walk you through whatever type seems most appropriate. Some cases may call for a total knee replacement while other patients could benefit from minimally invasive knee arthroscopy, which uses small incisions and an arthroscope to diagnose and repair damage, or a knee osteotomy, which reshapes the knee to shift pressure and correct alignment.

Other Common Knee Procedures At High Mountain Orthopedics

Our team at High Mountain Orthopedics specializes in a number of other conditions and procedures including knee arthroscopy, ACL tear and reconstruction procedures, knee replacement and revision knee replacements. We also see patients for conditions affecting the spine, neck and back; shoulder; foot and ankle; elbow; hand and wrist; and hip.

How To Get Help

Whether you’re just starting to seek answers for unexplained joint pain or want a second opinion on which knee arthritis treatment is best for you, you’ve come to the right place. Visit us at our offices in Wayne, Englewood and Paramus, New Jersey, and discover just how compassionate and skilled our team truly is. For more information or to schedule your appointment, contact us today.

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If you or someone you know is in pain, we can help. Take the first step and schedule an appointment.

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